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MBA是否值得读?关于MBA学位你需要了解的事

更新时间:2024-07-05 22:13作者:佚名

College students and young professionals often wonder whether attending a top graduate business school will set them up for career success.

MBA是否值得读?关于MBA学位你需要了解的事


很多大学生和年轻的专业人士经常想知道,在顶尖的研究生商学院就读是否会为他们的职业成功奠定基础。


An MBA degree from a quality business school can help people break into certain highly competitive business sectors, such as Silicon Valley tech companies or the Wall Street finance industry. Prospective students who dream of working in major cities far from home can often benefit from earning their MBA at a nonlocal school.


优质商学院的MBA学位可以帮助学生打入某些竞争激烈的商业领域,例如硅谷科技公司或华尔街金融业。尤其是那些梦想在远离家乡的大城市工作的准学生通常可以从在非本地学校获得MBA学位中受益。


For students who are intrigued by the possibility of earning an MBA degree but wonder whether it's a good fit, here's an outline of what they can expect to get out of an MBA program.


那些对获得MBA学位的可能性感到好奇,但不知道是否适合自己的学生,这篇文章将概述了MBA学生可以从MBA课程中得到什么。


MBA学位的花费与回报

The Financial Return on Investment for an MBA



1

Cost

花费

Annual tuition and fees are far higher at some ranked, full-time MBA programs than at others. The most expensive ranked programs charged yearly rates of $70,000 or more in the 2021-2022 school year, while the least costly programs were below $20,000.


一些排名靠前的全日制MBA项目的年学费和杂费远远高于其他项目。在2021-2022学年,排名最贵的项目每年收取7万美元的学费或更多的费用,而费用最少的项目则低于2万美元。


Top business schools tend to have higher tuition and fees than schools further down the rankings. But this isn't always the case, and cost differences sometimes exist between B-schools that rank similarly.


顶级商学院的学杂费往往比排名更靠后的学校高。但也并不总是这样,有时排名相近的商学院之间存在费用不同的情况。


For example, New York University's Leonard N. Stern School of Business charged $78,700 in tuition and fees for the 2021-2022 year, but the school it tied for 12th place in the overall U.S. News MBA rankings – Duke University Fuqua School of Business in North Carolina – charged $70,000.


例如,纽约大学Leonard N. Stern商学院在2021-2022年收取78,700美元的学杂费,但与它在U.S. News MBA综合排名并列第12位的杜克大学富卡商学院的费用则是70,000美元。


Sticker prices are typically lower at public schools than private schools, especially for in-state students.


公立学校的费用通常比私立学校低,特别是对州内学生而言。


Partial and full-ride MBA scholarships exist, but they can be extraordinarily competitive. Some MBA scholarships are reserved for specific populations of applicants such as women, students of color, active-duty military personnel and military veterans.


部分和全额的MBA奖学金是存在的,但奖学金的申请竞争很激烈。一些MBA奖学金是为特定的申请人群保留的,如女性、有色人种学生、现役军人和退伍军人。

2

The Average MBA Salary and Bonus

MBA毕业生的平均薪资待遇

Starting salaries and signing bonuses vary greatly among MBA graduates, with alumni of highly ranked B-schools in the 2023 U.S. News Best Business Schools rankings earning notably more than their peers who graduated from lower-ranked schools.


MBA毕业生的起薪差别很大,在U.S. News发布的2023年最佳商学院排名中,排名高的商学院毕业生的收入明显高于毕业于排名较低学校的同龄人。


Among the 10 ranked B-schools where the average salary and bonus were highest, the overall average compensation was $175,789. At the 10 ranked B-schools where the average salary and bonus were lowest, the overall average compensation was $55,755.


在平均工资和奖金最高的10所排名靠前的商学院中,总体平均报酬为175,789美元。在平均工资和奖金最低的10所排名商学院中,总体平均报酬为55,755美元。


U.S News data shows that pay among MBA grads differs by sector. Those who work in the consulting sector are paid an average base salary of nearly $147,200, while those who work for the government typically make approximately $87,700, or about $59,500 less.


U.S. News的数据显示,MBA毕业生的薪酬因行业而异。在咨询行业工作的人的平均基本工资接近147,200美元,而在政府工作的人通常赚取约87,700美元,或少于59,500美元。

3

Nonfinancial return

非金钱回报

Still, in order to decide whether it's a wise decision to attend B-school, it is not sufficient to calculate the immediate financial payoff of an MBA degree, because the professional contacts you make during B-school could have a long-lasting influence on your career trajectory.


为了决定上商学院是否是一个明智的决定,仅仅计算MBA学位的直接经济回报是不够的,因为你在商学院期间建立的专业联系可能会对你的职业轨迹产生长久的影响。


Mike Catania, the founder of the coupon website PromotionCode.org and a student in the executive MBA program at the University of California—Los Angeles Anderson School of Management, says one of the major reasons why he chose to attend B-school was a desire to expand his network. "I got exactly what I wanted – access to brilliant classmates and faculty that I would never have encountered on my own," he wrote in an email. "It's difficult to ascribe a value to that, but I look at it as only temporarily intangible – the relationships forged over the next few years will positively affect my opportunities as an entrepreneur moving forward."


优惠券网站PromotionCode.org的创始人、加州大学洛杉矶分校安德森管理学院高管MBA项目的学生迈克-卡塔尼亚表示,他选择上商学院的主要原因之一是希望扩大自己的人脉。"我得到了我想要的东西--接触到我自己永远不会遇到的出色的同学和教员,"他在一封电子邮件中写道。"很难给这一点赋予价值,但我认为这只是暂时的无形的--在未来几年里建立的关系将积极影响我作为企业家前进的机会。"



MBA Requirements

MBA申请要求

MBA applications typically include standardized test scores, resumes, academic transcripts, essays and recommendation letters.


MBA申请通常包括标准化考试成绩、简历、学业成绩单、论文和推荐信。


Many B-schools will accept either GMAT or GRE test scores. However, there are some test-optional MBA programs where applicants do not need to submit business school entrance exam scores. Additionally, some B-schools that ordinarily require test scores will waive that requirement for applicants who qualify based on impressive work experience or a solid college GPA.


许多商学院会接受GMAT或GRE考试成绩。然而,也有一些是选择性提交GRE或GMAT考试成绩的MBA项目。此外,一些通常需要考试成绩的商学院会对那些基于令人印象深刻的工作经验或坚实的大学GPA而符合条件的申请人免除这一要求。


B-schools occasionally invite applicants to interviews and sometimes require applicants to submit video essays. And most programs prefer MBA applicants who have significant work experience, though some programs are designed for college students or recent college graduates.


有时,商学院会邀请申请人参加面试,或者要求申请人提交视频论文。而且,大多数商学院项目更喜欢有丰富工作经验的MBA申请人,尽管有些项目是为大学生或刚毕业的大学生设计的。


MBA admissions officers generally like to see evidence of career progression in an MBA application, meaning that the applicant gradually took on more professional responsibility. It's also helpful if applicants have success stories about how they were able to contribute to their current company, past employers, college campus or local community, experts say.


MBA招生人员一般喜欢在MBA申请中看到申请者的职业发展相关的材料,这些材料证明申请人有能力承担职业责任。如果申请者能提供有关于他们如何为目前的公司、过去的雇主、大学校园或当地社区做出贡献的成功故事,也是有助于申请的。

来源:U.S. News等,图片源于网络,如侵删。


监制:李璨

审核/责任编辑:刘煜

记者:田江含

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